Thursday, April 29, 2010


Smocking dalam gambar ni saya yang jahit .

Saya banyak juga mencari info tentang sejarah sulaman smocking saja baca untuk tambah ilmu dan kali ini info yang saya dapat ni saya masukkan dalam blog . Boleh juga saya simpan sebagai rujukan . Info ini saya dapat dari wikipedia .Sekarang ni senang sangat nak dapat apa saja info yang kita cari bestkan...


Smocking is an embroidery technique used to gather fabric so that it can stretch. Before elastic, smocking was commonly used in cuffs, bodices, and necklines in garments where buttons were undesirable. Smocking developed in England and has been practiced since the Middle Ages and is unusual among embroidery methods in that it was often worn by laborers. Other major embroidery styles are purely decorative and represented status symbols. Smocking was practical for garments to be both form fitting and flexible, hence its name derives from smock — a farmer's work shirt.[1]Smocking was used most extensively in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[2]


Smocking requires lightweight fabric with a stable weave that gathers well. Cotton and silk are typical fiber choices, often in lawn or voile. Smocking is worked on a crewel embroidery needle in cotton or silk thread and normally requires three times the width of initial material as the finished item will have.[3] Historically, smocking was also worked in pique, crepe de Chine, and cashmere.[4] According to Good Housekeeping: The Illustrated Book of Needlecrafts, "Any type of fabric can be smocked if it is supple enough to be gathered."[2]

Fabric can be gathered into pleats in a variety of ways.

Early smocking, or gauging, was done by hand. Some embroiderers also made their own guides using cardboard and an embroidery marking pencil.[2] By 1880, iron-on transfer dots were available and advertised in magazines such as Weldon's. The iron on transfers places evenly spaced dots onto the wrong side of the fabric, which were then pleated using a regular running stitch.

Since the early 1950s, pleating machines have been available to home smockers. Using gears and specialty pleater needles, the fabric is forced through the gears and onto the threaded needles. Pleating machines are typically offered in 16-row, 24-row and 32-row widths. Manufacturers include Read and Amanda Jane.


Typically, variations are done as an art form on clothing or on fabric which is mounted in picture frames for hanging on the wall.

  • English smocking is a historic technique of sewing the embroidery over pleats already sewn into the fabric.
  • North American smocking is an alternate technique in which the pleats are gathered and formed in the fabric by the smocking stitch-work itself.
  • Lattice smocking involves stitching from the back side of the fabric, creating unique effects in the pleats and appearance, and is particularly good for heavier fabrics like velvet.


A smocking sampler demonstrating various stitches. See accompanying text in the article for details.

Smocking refers to work done before a garment is assembled. It usually involves reducing the dimensions of a piece of fabric to one-third of its original width, although changes are sometimes lesser with thick fabrics. Individual smocking stitches also vary considerably in tightness, so embroiderers usually work a sampler for practice and reference when they begin to learn smocking.[2]

Traditional hand smocking begins with marking smocking dots in a grid pattern on the wrong side of the fabric and gathering it with temporary running stitches. These stitches are anchored on each end in a manner that facilitates later removal and are analogous to basting stitches. Then a row of cable stitching stabilizes the top and bottom of the working area.[5]

Smocking may be done in many sophisticated patterns.[6] Standard hand smocking stitches are:

A. Cable stitch: a tight stitch of double rows that joins alternating columns of gathers.[7]

B. Stem stitch: a tight stitch with minimum flexibility that joins two columns of gathers at a time in single overlapping rows with a downward slope.[8]

C. Outline stitch: similar to the stem stitch but with an upward slope.[8]

D. Cable flowerette: a set of gathers worked in three rows of stitches across four columns of gathers. Often organized in diagonally arranged sets of flowerettes for loose smocking.[9]

E. Wave stitch: a medium density pattern that alternately employs tight horizontal stitches and loose diagonal stitches.[10]

F. Honeycomb stitch: a medium density variant on the cable stitch that double stitches each set of gathers and provides more spacing between them, with an intervening diagonal stitch concealed on the reverse side of the fabric.[11]

G. Surface honeycomb stitch: a tight variant on the honeycomb stitch and the wave stitch with the diagonal stitch visible, but spanning only one gather instead of a gather and a space.[12]

H. Trellis stitch: a medium density pattern that uses stem stitches and outine stitches to form diamond-shaped patterns.[12]

I. Vandyke stitch: a tight variant on the surface honeycomb stitch that wraps diagonal stitches in the opposite direction.[13]

J. Bullion stitch: a complex knotted stitch that joins several gathers in a single stitch. Organized similarly to cable flowerettes.[13]

  • Smocker's knot: (not depicted) a simple knotted stitch used to finish work with a thread or for decorative purposes.[9]


smocking - embroidery consisting of ornamental needlework on a garment that is made by gathering the cloth tightly in stitches - Thesaurus

smocking [ˈsmɒkɪŋ]-Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Knitting & Sewing) ornamental needlework used to gather and stitch material in a honeycomb pattern so that the part below the gathers hangs in even folds - Collins English Dictionery


  1. pening2.....baca....pening2......yang tau....bila dah siap....lawa......huhuhuhu

  2. to mama nuriel , hehehehehehehe yes bila dh siap lawaaa hehe

  3. Salam, seronok baca blog Nannie. Minat nak belajar tapi susah betul nak cari tok gurunya...hehehe. Nannie belajar smocking ni kat internet je ke?


Terima kasih kerana sudi singgah ke blog saya ni dan sila la tinggal komen anda ya .